Employers must pay unemployment insurance contributions of 2% of the value of each worker’s pay per month. The employer and the worker each contribute 1%.
Contributions are paid to the Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF) or the South African Revenue Services (SARS).
The Unemployment Insurance Act and Unemployment Insurance Contributions Act apply to all employers and workers, but not to –
- workers working less than 24 hours a month for an employer;
- public servants;
- foreigners working on contract;
- workers who get a monthly State (old age) pension; or
- workers who only earn commission.
Domestic employers and their workers are included under the Act since 1 April 2003.
Prescribes how employers should contribute to the UIF Contributions fund.
The contribution that employers must deduct from a worker’s pay is 1% of the worker’s total earnings, excluding commission. In addition to the 1% deducted from the worker, the employer also contributes 1% for every worker that they employ. The total contribution paid to the UIF is therefore 2%. Example: If a worker earns R1 000 per month, the employer must deduct 1%, namely R10. In addition, the employer must pay R10 for that worker. The total of R20 must, therefore, be paid to the UIF or SARS.
Workers who earn more than the annual, monthly or weekly maximum earnings ceiling must also contribute to the Fund, but their contributions are worked out on the maximum earnings ceiling.
NB: CURRENTLY THE CEILING IS STANDING AT (STATE THE CURRENT CEILING)
If a worker earns R10 000 per month and the monthly earning ceiling is R1 096 per month, the worker’s contribution will be worked out on R8 836.
What employers may not do
Employers may not –
- deduct more than 1%;
- deduct outstanding amounts when they fall behind with payments; and may not
- ask a fee for deducting the money.
If employers deduct too much money by accident, they must pay the extra money back to workers.
Payment of Contributions
Employers must pay the 1% they deducted from workers, together with the 1% they have contributed, to the UIF or SARS before the 7th of every month. Example: Contributions due for January, must reach the UIF or SARS on or before 7 February. If the 7th day of a month is not a business day, employers must pay on or before the last business day before the 7th. “Business day” means any day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or Public Holiday.
Originally appeared on labour.gov.za on 19-11-2007. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of estome. estome accepts no responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or fairness of the article, nor does the information contained herein constitute advice, legal or otherwise.