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Basic Guide to Employment Equity Studies

Basic Guide to Employment Equity Studies

Employers must study their policies, practices, procedures and working environment. They must use these studies to better conditions for black people, women and people with disabilities.


The Employment Equity Act applies to all employers, workers and job applicants, but not members of the –

  • National Defence Force;
  • National Intelligence Agency; and
  • South African Secret Service.

The provisions for affirmative action apply to –

  • employers with 50 or more workers, or whose annual income is more than the amount specified in Schedule 4 of the Act;
  • municipalities;
  • organs of State;
  • employers ordered to comply by a bargaining council agreement;
  • any employers who volunteer to comply.

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Applies to all employers and workers and protects workers and job seekers from unfair discrimination, and also provides a framework for implementing affirmative action.

What Must Employers Study?

Employers must gather information and study their –

  • policies;
  • practices;
  • procedures; and
  • working environment.

The study must include a profile of the workers in every job category and level. To obtain the required information, employers must ask workers to complete form EEA1.

Based on Legislation in Section 19of the Employment Equity Act

How Must Employers Use the Studies?

Employers must find things that have a negative effect on black people, women and people with disabilities. They must use the profile to find out how black people, women and people with disabilities are represented in different job categories and levels.

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Originally appeared on on 14-11-2007. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of estome. estome accepts no responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or fairness of the article, nor does the information contained herein constitute advice, legal or otherwise.

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